About Required Federal Reporting Measures (RFRM)

Please note that the measures of Closing the Achievement Gap results will not be calculated or published in the 2015-16 school year. This chart does not apply to 2015-16 data.
Differentiated Recognition
School Status Criteria
Reward: High Achievement Highest 5% Title I schools (based on aggregate Mathematics and ELA proficiency for PSSA and/or Algebra 1/Literature for Keystone Exams)
AND
Meets all four Annual Measurable Objectives (AMOs). AMOs include:
  • Test Participation in Mathematics/ELA PSSA (and/or Algebra I/Literature Keystone Exams) – All Students
  • Graduation Rate (or Attendance Rate) – All Students
  • Closing the Achievement Gap in Mathematics/ELA PSSA (and/or Algebra I/Literature Keystone Exams) – All Students
  • Closing the Achievement Gap in Mathematics/ELA PSSA (and/or Algebra I/Literature Keystone Exams) – Historically Underperforming Students
    (Note: For 2014-15 data, the baseline for closing the Achievement Gap will be reset in math and ELA. See page 54 on how this AMO will be met in 2014-15.)
AND
Not a Priority School or Focus School
Reward: High Progress For the 2011-12 and 2012-13 school years: Highest 5% Title I schools based on aggregate PVAAS growth score in ELA and Mathematics for PSSA and/or Algebra I/Literature for Keystone Exams for All Students
OR
For the 2013-14 school year and beyond: Highest 5% Title I schools based on aggregate progress in closing the achievement gap in ELA and Mathematics for PSSA and/or Algebra I/Literature for Keystone Exams combined for the All Students group and the Historically Underperforming Students group.
AND
Meets all four AMOs. AMOs include:
  • Test Participation in Mathematics/ELA PSSA (and/or Algebra I/Literature Keystone Exams) – All Students
  • Graduation Rate (or Attendance Rate) – All Students
  • Closing the Achievement Gap in Mathematics/ELA PSSA (and/or Algebra I/Literature Keystone Exams) – All Students
  • Closing the Achievement Gap in Mathematics/ELA PSSA (and/or Algebra I/Literature Keystone Exams) – Historically Underperforming Students
    (Note: For 2014-15 data, the baseline for Closing the Achievement Gap will be reset in grades 3-8 math and ELA.)
AND
Not a Reward: High Achievement School, Focus School, or Priority School
Focus School Lowest 10% of Title I schools (based on highest achievement gap for the Historically Low Performing Students AMO). The aggregate achievement gap is for combined Mathematics/ELA PSSA (and/or Algebra I/Literature Keystone Exams).
OR
Title I school with a Graduation Rate below 60%
OR
Test Participation below 95%
AND
Not a Priority School
Priority School Lowest 5% of Title I schools (based on aggregate Mathematics and ELA proficiency for PSSA and/or Algebra I/Literature for Keystone Exams)
OR
Title I school receiving School Improvement Grant (SIG) funds

The Annual Measurable Objectives (AMO) are described below:

Participation Rate

  1. The school must achieve 95% participation on the PSSA, PASA and Keystone Exams in the ‘All Students’ group for each content area.
  2. For the 2015-16 School Year, participation rate was measured for the PSSA mathematics/PASA Mathematics/Algebra 1 and the PSSA English Language Arts/PASA Reading/ Literature.
  3. Any Title I school with less than a 95% test participation rate for the ‘All Students’ group in one or more content areas will automatically be identified as a Focus school.
  4. For PSSA and PASA, Participation Rate is calculated by dividing the number of scored tests by the number of students enrolled, multiplied by 100.
  5. For the Keystone Exams, Participation Rate is calculated for Grade 11 students by dividing the number of scored tests by the number of enrolled Grade 11 students, multiplied by 100.
  6. Students with medical exemptions are excluded from the calculation for Participation Rate.
  7. English Language Learners (ELL) in their first of enrollment in a U.S. school must take the ACCESS for ELL assessment. These students are not required to participate in the ELA/Literature assessment, but are required to participate in the math/Algebra 1 and science/Biology assessments. These students are counted only for participation; no performance score is used for accountability.
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Graduation and Attendance Rates

  1. Graduation Rate
    1. High school graduation rate is a primary component of the accountability system. The end goal is to graduate all students so they are postsecondary and workforce ready.
    2. The school must achieve an 85% graduation rate (applied to four, five, and six year cohorts) or a reduction of the difference between its previous year’s graduation rate and
      • the goal of 85% by 10% when using the four year cohort; or
      • the goal of 85% by 15% when using the five year cohort; or
      • the goal of 85% by 20% when using the six year cohort.
    3. A Title I school with a graduation rate of below 60% is automatically placed in Focus status (unless already designated as Priority).
    4. The graduation rate is the number of graduates for a particular year divided by the four-year, five-year or six-year cohort multiplied by 100. Refer to the December 22, 2008 High School Graduation Rate Non-Regulatory Guidance.
  2. Attendance Rate
    1. Attendance continues to be a primary component of the federal accountability designations when graduation rate is not applicable to a school. The goal for attendance rate is 90% or the target of any improvement over the previous year's attendance rate.
    2. Attendance rates will be displayed for all subgroups with a minimum N size of 11. The federal accountability designations are based on the ‘All Students’ attendance rate. Any Title I school that demonstrates an improved attendance rate from the previous year will be identified as having met the reporting measure.
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Closing the Achievement Gap for All Students and the Historically Underperforming Students

  1. Closing the Achievement Gap: All Students
    1. The achievement gap is determined by comparing the percentage of students enrolled for a full academic year who are proficient or advanced in the baseline year with the target of 100% proficiency. The benchmark for closing the achievement gap is that 50% of the gap will be closed over a six-year period. The six-year period begins the first year that the school has a minimum N count of at least 11 students. The ‘All Students’ group is defined as all students enrolled for a full academic year taking the PSSA, Keystone Exams, or the Pennsylvania Alternate System of Assessment (PASA).
      • Closing the Achievement Gap will not be reported in 2015-16
  2. Closing the Achievement Gap: Historically Underperforming Students
    1. Using the same approach as in the ‘All Students’ group, this applies to a non-duplicated count of students with disabilities, economically disadvantaged students, and English Language Learners enrolled for a full academic year taking the PSSA, Keystone Exams, or PASA. If a student is in more than one of the individual subgroups (IEP, Economically Disadvantaged, ELL), the student is counted only once.
      • Closing the Achievement Gap will not be reported in 2015-16
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