Required Federal Reporting Measures (RFRM) FAQs

  1. What is the purpose of the RFRM?
  2. What information is included in the RFRM?
  3. How is the RFRM used?
  4. What are the rewards and consequences as a result of the federal designations reported for a district or school?
  5. What is a Title I school?
  6. How do I know if my school is a Title I school?
  7. What is Full Academic Year?
  8. What is the calculation of Performance Rate?
  9. What is NAEP data and how is it reported?

1. What is the purpose of the RFRM?

The purpose of the RFRM is to comply with ESEA section 111(h)(1) and (h)(2) stating that the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) “must prepare and disseminate an annual report card.”



2. What information is included in the RFRM?

The RFRM reports the Federal Accountability Designations for Title I schools. These designations are based on a combination of factors that include Participation Rate, Graduation Rate, Attendance Rate, Closing the Achievement Gap for the All Students group, and Closing the Achievement Gap for the Historically Underperforming subgroup.

The RFRM also includes data on accountability, achievement, teacher quality, and National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP).

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3. How is the RFRM used?

RFRM focuses on what works by identifying best practices, increases accountability for student performance by supporting the development of academic assessments, and empowers parents by disseminating achievement results to parents.



4. What are the rewards and consequences as a result of the federal designations reported for a district or school?

PDE will recognize Title I Reward schools exhibiting high achievement and high progress. Reward schools will serve as demonstration sites and be eligible to form formal partnerships with Priority and Focus schools.

Title I Focus and Priority schools will be required to develop plans with technical assistance provided by PDE through the Intermediate Unit and PaTTAN offices. These schools will have access to topic and subject specific experts, including special education and English Language Learner staff.

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5. What is a Title I school?

Title I, Part A (Title I) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), provides financial assistance to local education agencies (LEA) and schools with high numbers or high percentages of children from low-income families to help ensure that all children meet challenging state academic standards.

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6. How do I know if my school is a Title I school?

Annually, a list of preliminary Federal Title I allocations is scheduled to be published in May with final allocations to be posted in January. A list of Title I schools can be found on PDE’s website at http://www.education.pa.gov/Teachers%20-%20Administrators/Federal%20Programs/Pages/Title%20Information/Title-I.aspx#tab



7. What is Full Academic Year?

The definition of Full Academic Year (FAY) is based on the student being continuously enrolled on or before Oct. 1 of the school year until the last day of the testing window for the PSSA, PASA and Keystone Exams. Accountability data is reported for students who are FAY.

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8. What is the calculation of Performance Rate?

Performance measures the student’s performance level on the state assessments as Advanced, Proficient, Basic or Below Basic. Performance rate calculation is the number of students scoring Advanced and Proficient divided by the number of scored assessments, multiplied by 100.



9. What is NAEP data and how is it reported?

The National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP) is state-level data drawn from a sampling of students that compares student achievement on reading and math across states and nationally. Federal guidance requires state-level NAEP data to be reported both on the state level RFRM and the district level RFRM reports. The data set is state level. There is no school/district level NAEP data. More information on NAEP is located at www.education.pa.gov.

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